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  • Gerard of Cremona
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...First edition of a fundamental work on optics, and Alhazen’s work. Known as the father of optics, Alhazen (Ibn al-Haytham) is considered the greatest Muslim physicist and one of the great scientists of the Middle Ages unmatched in his field...
...From the eighth to the thirteenth centuries, scientists from across the Islamic world made great advances in the study of medicine, compiling the knowledge of the ancient Greeks, Romans, Persians and Indians and building upon it themselves,...
...As part of the Translation Movement centring on the House of Wisdom in Abbasid Baghdad, numerous works relating to chemistry, physics, astronomy and astrology were brought together and translated into Arabic, facilitating new discoveries...