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EUROPE AND THE OTTOMAN WORLD: DIPLOMACY AND INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS

Noticia certa de hum fatal successo, acontecido na cidade de Constantinopla, e o espantoso fenomeno, que nella se vio no dia vinte e seis de Novembro proximo de 1756.

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Noticia certa de hum fatal successo, acontecido na cidade de Constantinopla

Fear of the Turks produced a lengthy ‘pamphlet’ war in Europe. Of these pamphlets the Arcadian Library has an exceptional collection, issued from the early sixteenth to the late eighteenth century, which includes a group of rare Portuguese publications concerning events in Constantinople. Following the traumatic earthquake that struck Lisbon in 1755, this pamphlet published two years later recounts a similar catastrophe that befell the Turks.

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Illustration from Hoffhaltung des Türckhischen Keisers

Commentary article

Introduction: European-Ottoman relations

The Ottoman Empire is one of the longest enduring empires in history. During its golden era in fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, most of the Arab world, together with a sizeable part of Eastern Europe, had been incorporated into its borders. Throughout its lifespan, the Ottomans played a significant role in European history, acting as either ally or enemy to various different European states.

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HISTORY OF SCIENCE AND MEDICINE

Farghani - Breuis ac perutilis cōpilatio Alfragani astronomo[rum] peritissimi : totῡ id continens quod ad rudimenta astronomica est opportunum.

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Farghani - Breuis ac perutilis cōpilatio Alfragani astronomo[rum] peritissimi

This is a very rare first edition of Farghānī’s best known and most influential work, on Ptolemaic astronomy, dated 3 September 1493. The text is descriptive and non-mathematical, which, along with its clear and well-organised presentation, likely contributed to the text’s popularity. The core of the book is the exposition of the basic concepts of Ptolemy's Almagest. However Farghānī also introduces new material.

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The Arcadian Library's reading room

Commentary article

A Brief Introduction to the Scientific and Medical Holdings of the Arcadian Library

The field in which Arab and Persian contributions to progress was most widely acknowledged in the West was science. In spite of criticisms which started in the Renaissance and increased during the scientific revolution preceding the Enlightenment, Arabic writings on science were consulted from the eleventh century, when they were first translated into Latin, to the eighteenth century, when efforts were still being made to establish satisfactory versions of certain texts.

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