Fearured version of ARC_16402. An early and complete manuscript of the most important medieval treatment of practical surgery and the first illustrated treatise on surgical instruments. Albucasis (c. 936 - c. 1013) "was the greatest Muslim surgeon; he exerted a very deep influence upon the development of European surgery down to the Renaissance" (Sarton, Introduction to the History of Science, I p. 951). It is the first complete and illustrated treatment of its subject. There are numerous case records accompanied by the author’s own personal observations, which perhaps indicate that he was a working doctor. Albucasis draws on his own experience as well as the writings of predecessors, especially Paulus Aegineta. He describes operative procedures and instruments, which do not appear in other surviving classical texts. This suggests that these descriptions are likely to be his own, or part of a uniquely Arabic practice.