Arcadian Library Online-FEATURED CONTENT: [Liber de cirurgia, illustrated with surgical instru
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manuscript

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Latin

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hand-coloured

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surgery

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FEATURED CONTENT: [Liber de cirurgia, illustrated with surgical instruments]

FEATURED CONTENT: [Liber de cirurgia, illustrated with surgical instruments]
  • Shelfmark:
    L:03
  • DOI:
    10.24157/ARC_19999
  • Printer / Publisher:
    [s.n.]
  • Author(s):
    Abū al-Qāsim Khalaf ibn ʻAbbās al-Zahrāwī, -1013?
    Abū al-Qāsim Khalaf ibn ʻAbbās al-Zahrāwī, -1013?
  • Alternative Author(s):
    Abū al-Qāsim Khalaf ibn ʻAbbās al-Zahrāwī, -1013?; Abū al-Qāsim al-Zahrāwī, -1013?; Abū-l-Qāsim, -1013?; Abūʼl Qāsim Halaf ibn ʻAbbās al-Zahrāwī, -1013?; Abul Kasim, -1013?; Abulcasim, -1013?; Abulcasis, -1013?; Abū al-Qāsim Khalaf ibn ʻAbbās al-Zahrāwī, -1013?; Albucasim, -1013?; Albucasis, -1013?; Alsaharavius, -1013?; Altaragius, -1013?; Alzaragius, -1013?; Bulcasem, -1013?; Bulcasi, -1013?; Bulcasim, -1013?; Abuʼl Qāsim H̲alaf ibn ʻAbbās al-Zahrāuī, -1013?; Khalaf ibh al-ʻAbbās Abu al-K̇āsim, al-Zahrāwī, -1013?; Servitor, -1013?; Zahrāwī, Abū al-Qāsim Khalaf ibn ʻAbbās, -1013?; أبو القاسم خلف بن عباس الزهراوي, -1013?; ابوالقاسم خلف بن عباس الزهراوى, -1013?
    Abū al-Qāsim Khalaf ibn ʻAbbās al-Zahrāwī, -1013?; Abū al-Qāsim al-Zahrāwī, -1013?; Abū-l-Qāsim, -1013?; Abūʼl Qāsim Halaf ibn ʻAbbās al-Zahrāwī, -1013?; Abul Kasim, -1013?; Abulcasim, -1013?; Abulcasis, -1013?; Abū al-Qāsim Khalaf ibn ʻAbbās al-Zahrāwī, -1013?; Albucasim, -1013?; Albucasis, -1013?; Alsaharavius, -1013?; Altaragius, -1013?; Alzaragius, -1013?; Bulcasem, -1013?; Bulcasi, -1013?; Bulcasim, -1013?; Abuʼl Qāsim H̲alaf ibn ʻAbbās al-Zahrāuī, -1013?; Khalaf ibh al-ʻAbbās Abu al-K̇āsim, al-Zahrāwī, -1013?; Servitor, -1013?; Zahrāwī, Abū al-Qāsim Khalaf ibn ʻAbbās, -1013?; أبو القاسم خلف بن عباس الزهراوي, -1013?; ابوالقاسم خلف بن عباس الزهراوى, -1013?
  • Date:
    [1300]
  • Place:
    [Italy]
  • Keywords:
    Blood, Renaissance Medicine, Surgery, Medical research, Medical education, Classical medicine, Surgical procedures, Arabic manuscripts, 14th century, Surgical instruments, 10th century
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Fearured version of ARC_16402. An early and complete manuscript of the most important medieval treatment of practical surgery and the first illustrated treatise on surgical instruments. Albucasis (c. 936 - c. 1013) "was the greatest Muslim surgeon; he exerted a very deep influence upon the development of European surgery down to the Renaissance" (Sarton, Introduction to the History of Science, I p. 951). It is the first complete and illustrated treatment of its subject. There are numerous case records accompanied by the author’s own personal observations, which perhaps indicate that he was a working doctor. Albucasis draws on his own experience as well as the writings of predecessors, especially Paulus Aegineta. He describes operative procedures and instruments, which do not appear in other surviving classical texts. This suggests that these descriptions are likely to be his own, or part of a uniquely Arabic practice.

  • Shelfmark:
    L:03
  • DOI:
    10.24157/ARC_19999
  • Printer / Publisher:
    [s.n.]
  • Author(s):
    Abū al-Qāsim Khalaf ibn ʻAbbās al-Zahrāwī, -1013?
    Abū al-Qāsim Khalaf ibn ʻAbbās al-Zahrāwī, -1013?
  • Alternative Author(s):
    Abū al-Qāsim Khalaf ibn ʻAbbās al-Zahrāwī, -1013?; Abū al-Qāsim al-Zahrāwī, -1013?; Abū-l-Qāsim, -1013?; Abūʼl Qāsim Halaf ibn ʻAbbās al-Zahrāwī, -1013?; Abul Kasim, -1013?; Abulcasim, -1013?; Abulcasis, -1013?; Abū al-Qāsim Khalaf ibn ʻAbbās al-Zahrāwī, -1013?; Albucasim, -1013?; Albucasis, -1013?; Alsaharavius, -1013?; Altaragius, -1013?; Alzaragius, -1013?; Bulcasem, -1013?; Bulcasi, -1013?; Bulcasim, -1013?; Abuʼl Qāsim H̲alaf ibn ʻAbbās al-Zahrāuī, -1013?; Khalaf ibh al-ʻAbbās Abu al-K̇āsim, al-Zahrāwī, -1013?; Servitor, -1013?; Zahrāwī, Abū al-Qāsim Khalaf ibn ʻAbbās, -1013?; أبو القاسم خلف بن عباس الزهراوي, -1013?; ابوالقاسم خلف بن عباس الزهراوى, -1013?
    Abū al-Qāsim Khalaf ibn ʻAbbās al-Zahrāwī, -1013?; Abū al-Qāsim al-Zahrāwī, -1013?; Abū-l-Qāsim, -1013?; Abūʼl Qāsim Halaf ibn ʻAbbās al-Zahrāwī, -1013?; Abul Kasim, -1013?; Abulcasim, -1013?; Abulcasis, -1013?; Abū al-Qāsim Khalaf ibn ʻAbbās al-Zahrāwī, -1013?; Albucasim, -1013?; Albucasis, -1013?; Alsaharavius, -1013?; Altaragius, -1013?; Alzaragius, -1013?; Bulcasem, -1013?; Bulcasi, -1013?; Bulcasim, -1013?; Abuʼl Qāsim H̲alaf ibn ʻAbbās al-Zahrāuī, -1013?; Khalaf ibh al-ʻAbbās Abu al-K̇āsim, al-Zahrāwī, -1013?; Servitor, -1013?; Zahrāwī, Abū al-Qāsim Khalaf ibn ʻAbbās, -1013?; أبو القاسم خلف بن عباس الزهراوي, -1013?; ابوالقاسم خلف بن عباس الزهراوى, -1013?
  • Date:
    [1300]
  • Place:
    [Italy]
  • Keywords:
    Blood, Renaissance Medicine, Surgery, Medical research, Medical education, Classical medicine, Surgical procedures, Arabic manuscripts, 14th century, Surgical instruments, 10th century
  • LOC Subject Headings:
    Surgery; Surgical instruments and apparatus
  • Language:
    Latin
  • Content type:
    Single-volume work
  • Identifier:
    ARC_19999
  • Volumes:
    1
  • Collation:
    75 pages: illustration
  • Binding:
    Medieval, probably contemporary, pink calf over oak boards, blind ruled with double lines in a lattice pattern, remains of brass clasps and catches (a few scratches, minor repairs to edges and corners.
  • Provenance:
    The text was first printed in Venice in 1501. MacKinney, Checklist of Medical Miniatures in Extant Manuscripts, pp.105-85, records the text in a total of 27 surviving manuscripts, including translations into French. All those she records are in public collections: eight in Italy; five each in Germany, England and France; three in Austria; one in Hungary. There are only two in North America, Yale Medical Library and New York Academy of Medicine. There is no copy in either the National Library of Medicine, Bethesda, MD, or the Wellcome Library, London. To this total must be added the present manuscript, the Penzance Library MS (sold in 1939, presently unlocated), and the former Phillipps’ MS 3013 (with Rhazes Divisiones), the only other copy known to be in private hands: the former Phillipps’ manuscript is c.1300, but is in a much later binding and has approximately one third fewer illustrations. Thismanuscript is early and has a large complement of illustrations. Of Mackiney’s 27 manuscripts, six are described as 13th Century, three of c.1300, 16 are 14th century and two are 15th century. Of the 27, ten are manuscripts of Albucasis’ text on its own, and of these, three are 13th century (one with one other text only) and the remainder are medical or surgical miscellanies. Only seven have illustrations of traction for dislocations, as does ours, and only one of these is 13th century (Albucasis text only).
  • Additional Information:
    Albucasis anticipated several instruments and devices that are still in modern use. Examples include the possibility that Albucasis or his contemporaries invented true scissors (II, 57 and several figures); the syringe (II, 59); the use of animal gut as suture material (II, 85); the formula for a kind of plaster casing anticipating the modern plaster cast (III, 27); and his design of vaginal speculum (II, 77). The chapter on gynaecological instruments gives reason for thinking that Albucasis anticipated Chamberlen's obstetric forceps, though not for a live delivery. Manuscripts of Albucasis are of immense interest, not only for their text, which preserves a great deal of the oldest accounts of surgery that have survived, but also for their remarkable illustrations, which are generally copied with such care that they actually show real Muslim instruments with Islamic decoration (cf. P.M. Jones, Medieval Medical Miniatures, 1984, pp. 28-9). This manuscript is distinguished for being early, being complete in and of itself, and for being fully illustrated. Further reading: [1] Spink, M. S., & Lewis, G. L., 1973. Albucasis on Surgery and Instruments. Berkeley: University of California Press. [2] Hamarneh, S. K. & Sonnedecker, G., 1963. A Pharmaceutical View of Abulcasis al-Zahrāwī in Moorish Spain, with special reference to the Adhān. Leiden: Brill. [3] Amhad, Z. & Wolfe, S. A., 2007. Al-Zahrawi: The Father of Surgery. International Society of Craniofacial Surgery, 89. [4] Khan, F., Mahmalji, W., Madaan, S., Dickinson, I. K. & Sriprasad, S., 2013. 1075 Albucasis: The revelation of urological surgical instruments in the 10th century Islamic world. European Urology Supplements, 12(1). [5] Dibsi, F., 2003. Surgical diseases of the mouth and throat by Albucasis. International Congress Series, 1240. [6] Al-Sudani, M. L., 2009. 5 Albucasis Treatises in Urology. European Urology Supplements, 8(4). [7] Aciduman, A. & Arda, B., 2006. Abul-Qasim Al-Zahrawi, his treatise Al-Tasrif and cure of hydrocephalus. Çocuk Sagligi ve Hastaliklari Dergisi, 49(2), pp. 169-173. [8] Al-Benna, S., 2011. Albucasis, a tenth-century scholar, physician and surgeon: His role in the history of plastic and reconstructive surgery. European Journal of Plastic Surgery, 35(5), pp.379-387. [9] Trotter, D. A. and Sneddon, C. R., 1999. Arabic surgery in eastern France and the Midi: The old French and Occitan versions of the Chirurgie d'Albucasis. Forum for Modern Language Studies, 35, pp. 358-71.  [10] Najjar, J., 2010. From anesthetic Sponge to nonsinking skull perforator, unitary work neurosurgery in the ancient Arabic and Islamic World. World Neurosurgery, 73(5), pp. 587-94.