One of at least two French versions recording commercial negotiations between Elizabeth I, Queen of England and the Porte. In adjoining poems the Queen is called "lezabel Angloise...louve, pire qu'un million de loups". In July 1578, William Harborne (c.1542-1617), who was a successful merchant, sailed from London to conduct England’s first formal negotiations with the Ottomans. In 1580, he obtained the first set of capitulations, that is, formal trading concessions allowing the English to reside in Ottoman lands. Becoming the first English ambassador to the Sublime Porte, Harborne remained in Constantinople until August 1588, when he was succeeded by Sir Edward Barton (c. 1562-1598). Thus, the letter in question here was presented during Harborne’s stay in Constantinople.