Engelbert Kaempfer (16 September 1651 – 2 November 1716) was a German naturalist and physician and is best known for his tour of Russia, Persia, India, South-East Asia, and Japan between 1683 and 1693. Amoenitatum Exoticarum is important for its medical observations and the first extensive description of Japanese plants (Flora Japonica). He also visited many places in the Gulf, including Muscat where he stopped in 1688 and produced detailed drawings of the port. The first part of the book includes extensive details of life at the Persian court in 1684. Some of this detail came from Kaempfer’s own direct observation, but much also came from Father Raphaël du Mans, the superior of the Capuchins in Isfahan, who had lived there from 1647 and was immensely well-informed about life in Persia at the time.