Arcadian Library Online - Early Printed Translations of Arabic Medical Works
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Early Printed Translations of Arabic Medical Works

Subjects

Content Type:

Commentary

People and Organizations:

Avicenna, Gerard of Cremona

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Early Printed Translations of Arabic Medical Works

Early Printed Translations of Arabic Medical Works
by The Arcadian Library
The Arcadian Library
The Arcadian Library

  • Subtitle:
    An introduction
  • Keywords:
    Arabic manuscripts, Cremona, Early Modern Period, Europe, Incunable, Measles, Medical philosophy, Medicine, Padua, Renaissance, Smallpox, Toledo, Zoology

From the eighth to the thirteenth centuries, scientists from across the Islamic world made great advances in the study of medicine, compiling the knowledge of the ancient Greeks, Romans, Persians and Indians and building upon it themselves, largely under the patronage of the Abbasid caliphs or the Muslim rulers of Spain. The Andalusian surgeon Albucasis revolutionized surgical practices, the Persian physician Rhazes made great strides in the development of the experimental method and conducted pioneering work on infectious diseases, the Nestorian Christian doctor Mesue the Younger produced pharmacological books which became standard reading in the West, and the Bukharan polymath Avicenna compiled the most important medical encyclopaedia of his age, which continued to be consulted in European universities well into the eighteenth century.