Arcadian Library Online-FEATURED CONTENT: Breuis ac perutilis cōpilatio Alfragani astronomo[ru
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Subjects

Document Type:

incunable

Language:

Latin

People and Organizations:

Farghānī, Joannes, Hispalensis

Place:

Italy, Spain

Special Features:

decoration

Topic:

astronomy

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FEATURED CONTENT: Breuis ac perutilis cōpilatio Alfragani astronomo[rum] peritissimi : totῡ id continens quod ad rudimenta astronomica est opportunum.

FEATURED CONTENT: Breuis ac perutilis cōpilatio Alfragani astronomo[rum] peritissimi : totῡ id continens quod ad rudimenta astronomica est opportunum.
  • Shelfmark:
    15:02
  • DOI:
    10.24157/ARC_13615.01
  • Printer / Publisher:
    Impressum Ferrarie arte et impensa Andree galli viri impressorie artis peritissimi, anno incarnationis verbi
  • Author(s):
    Farghānī, active 861
    Farghānī, active 861
  • Alternative Author(s):
    Aḣmad, Farghoniĭ, active 861; Aḣmadi, Farghonī, active 861; al-Farghānī, active 861; Alfraganus, active 861; Abū al-ʻAbbās Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad ibn Kathīr Farghānī, active 861; Farghānī, active 861; Abulabbos Aḣmadi ibni Muḣammad ibni Kasir Farghonī, active 861; Aḣmadi Farghonī, active 861; Abulʺabbos Aḣmad ibn Muḣammad ibn Kasir Farghoniĭ, active 861; Aḣmad Farghoniĭ, active 861; Akhmad Fergani, active 861; فرغاني, active 861
    Aḣmad, Farghoniĭ, active 861; Aḣmadi, Farghonī, active 861; al-Farghānī, active 861; Alfraganus, active 861; Abū al-ʻAbbās Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad ibn Kathīr Farghānī, active 861; Farghānī, active 861; Abulabbos Aḣmadi ibni Muḣammad ibni Kasir Farghonī, active 861; Aḣmadi Farghonī, active 861; Abulʺabbos Aḣmad ibn Muḣammad ibn Kasir Farghoniĭ, active 861; Aḣmad Farghoniĭ, active 861; Akhmad Fergani, active 861; فرغاني, active 861
  • Date:
    1493
  • Place:
    Ferrara
  • Keywords:
    Astronomy, 9th century, Al-Andalus, Early Printed Books, Ferrara, History of science, Muslim Spain
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Featured version of ARC_13615. This is a very rare first edition of Farghānī’s best known and most influential work, on Ptolemaic astronomy, dated 3 September 1493. The text is descriptive and non-mathematical, which, along with its clear and well-organised presentation, likely contributed to the text’s popularity. The core of the book is the exposition of the basic concepts of Ptolemy's Almagest. However Farghānī also introduces new material. For example, in chapter 21 he states the distances of the planets from the earth (Ptolemy had only stated the distance of the sun and the moon), and in the next chapter the magnitudes of the planets (Ptolemy again had only given the magnitudes of the sun and the moon). Belfort's career was interrupted twice by political upheavals and war: in his final phase, from 1481 to 1493. He printed scientific and medical works, including commentaries on Avicenna and Mesue. This is one of his last books, and the only one of his to contain illustrations. The beautiful woodcut portrait, which has attracted much attention from historians of art, is in the style of the Ferrara master Cosme Tura.

  • Shelfmark:
    15:02
  • DOI:
    10.24157/ARC_13615.01
  • Printer / Publisher:
    Impressum Ferrarie arte et impensa Andree galli viri impressorie artis peritissimi, anno incarnationis verbi
  • Author(s):
    Farghānī, active 861
    Farghānī, active 861
  • Alternative Author(s):
    Aḣmad, Farghoniĭ, active 861; Aḣmadi, Farghonī, active 861; al-Farghānī, active 861; Alfraganus, active 861; Abū al-ʻAbbās Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad ibn Kathīr Farghānī, active 861; Farghānī, active 861; Abulabbos Aḣmadi ibni Muḣammad ibni Kasir Farghonī, active 861; Aḣmadi Farghonī, active 861; Abulʺabbos Aḣmad ibn Muḣammad ibn Kasir Farghoniĭ, active 861; Aḣmad Farghoniĭ, active 861; Akhmad Fergani, active 861; فرغاني, active 861
    Aḣmad, Farghoniĭ, active 861; Aḣmadi, Farghonī, active 861; al-Farghānī, active 861; Alfraganus, active 861; Abū al-ʻAbbās Aḥmad ibn Muḥammad ibn Kathīr Farghānī, active 861; Farghānī, active 861; Abulabbos Aḣmadi ibni Muḣammad ibni Kasir Farghonī, active 861; Aḣmadi Farghonī, active 861; Abulʺabbos Aḣmad ibn Muḣammad ibn Kasir Farghoniĭ, active 861; Aḣmad Farghoniĭ, active 861; Akhmad Fergani, active 861; فرغاني, active 861
  • Date:
    1493
  • Place:
    Ferrara
  • Keywords:
    Astronomy, 9th century, Al-Andalus, Early Printed Books, Ferrara, History of science, Muslim Spain
  • Edition:
    First edition
  • Alternative Title:
    Alfragani rudimenta astronomica
  • LOC Subject Headings:
    Astronomy; Astronomy, Arab
  • Bibliographic References:
    HC 822*; Klebs 51.1; Pell 513; Sander 279; IGI 351; Pr 5753; BMC VI 605; GW 1272; Goff A-640; Carmody p.114; Houzeau & and Lancaster 1112 (''rare''); Stillwell 13; the Crawford Library copy is the only one recorded by Grassi; not in the Grove-Hills Library (Royal Astronomical Society).
  • Language:
    Latin
  • Translator:
    Joannes, Hispalensis, active 12th century
  • Content type:
    Single-volume work
  • Identifier:
    ARC_13615.01
  • Volumes:
    1
  • Format:
    Quarto
  • Collation:
    60 unnumbered pages: illustrations
  • Binding:
    Late 19th-century half calf over marbled boards.
  • Provenance:
    Alfraganus, one of the astronomers of the Abbasid caliph al-Mamun, composed this work between 833 and 857 AD. Following the translation by John of Spain in 1137 AD (it was also translated by Gerard of Cremona before 1175. although this version was not published until 1910), it became the prime vehicle for the dissemination of Ptolemaic astronomy in the medieval West. It was eventually superseded by the Sphere of Sacrobosco (which owed much to Alfraganus) but even then it continued to be used. Dante derived his astronomical knowledge from Alfraganus, and the text was referred to several times by Kepler, who cited, for instance, his measurements of the circumference of the world. (Epitome, Book I, Part I). The text was reprinted, three times on its own and once as part of a compilation, at intervals throughout the sixteenth century, and the Arabic text was printed in 1669 (see Quaritch Catalogue 1186,item No12.) The printer of this work was the first printer in Ferrara and the most important of the printers there before 1500. The editor of this tract appears to have been a member of the Ferrarese family of Eremita, not an Augustinian, although he is so represented in the cut' (Cicognara,quoted in BM catalogue). Leo Pschki listed a copy of this work in his celebrated Catalogue Fifty, Livres a figures, 1900 ("Edito princeps rarissima du celebre manuel astronomique", described as being in half calf, possibly this copy: he had another copy in his Choix de Livres Anciens, 1914, in vellum).
  • Additional Information:
    Upper joint cracked. Minor staining and soiling. Preserved in green morocco backed folding box. Gothic type. Fine woodcut portrait of the author and the editor on the verso of the title, and eight woodcut diagrams in the text. This is the first illustrated book printed in Ferrara. Further reading: Lorch, R., 2005. On the Astrolabe: Al-Farghani, Arabic text edited with translation and commentary. Stuttgart: Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden.